2015.04.29 / Barbara Bogoczek
Two texts and an enigma
God created man
in His image
the sequence is
it was man who created God
in his image
and later when he
could no longer bear the presence of
God – he erased Him
from his life
and suffers because that was
his greatest creation
Already a year has passed since Tadeusz Różewicz unexpectedly died on the morning of the 24th of April 2014. The previous day, with his wife Wiesława and son Kamil, he was still enjoying the sight of the cherry tree blossoming in their garden. He was 92 but apparently in good shape, still receiving visitors, answering phone calls, writing. The next morning – as he might have put it himself – his life went missing somewhere...
He left a short note, a wry ‘Last Will and Request’, which baffled at least some of his friends. Didn’t this great writer – author of volumes of poetry, drama, prose and screenplays spanning almost eight decades – confess his loss of faith in God at the very onset of his career? In a conversation just a couple of months before his death he said, ”I’m not in a hurry to go anywhere. Because there is nowhere to go.” And yet in this testament, jotted down in his unmistakable handwriting, dated ”Karpacz, 5.III.2003”, he asked for an ecumenical burial:
”It is my wish that the urn with my ashes be buried at the Augsburg Evangelical cemetery by the Vang Church in Upper Karpacz. I also request the local pastor to say the appropriate prayers, together with a priest of the Roman Catholic Church (of which I am a member through the sacrament of baptism and confirmation). I wish to be buried in the soil which has become close to my heart like the soil on which I was born. Perhaps this will contribute to good relations between two divided faiths and bring closer the cultures and nations which lived and are still living on this land. Perhaps the dream of the poet who prophesied ‘All people shall be brothers’ will come true. Amen.”
And signed: ”Tadeusz Różewicz (born 9.X.1921 in Radomsko)”.
The document was stored and read out at the funeral by Zbigniew Kulik, the director of the Museum of Sport and Tourism in Karpacz, who for many years accompanied and photographed the poet on trips around the local Karkonosze mountains in the Sudetenland. Różewicz’s initial interest in Karpacz was sparked in 1991 by Maria Dębicz (an expert on Różewicz’s work) who suggested he visit the Toy Museum established by Henryk Tomaszewski, the famous choreographer and founder of the Wrocław Mime Theatre.
Everything happened as Różewicz wished. The Catholic Archbishop Alfons Nossol and the Protestant Pastor Edwin Pech conducted the funeral. Archbishop Nossol described the process of loss of faith in Różewicz’s poetry, which – paradoxically – at the same time constituted its religious dimension (the full text of the homily is available on the internet). He reminded us that Różewicz’s statement, ”I don’t believe”, is not only the result of his traumatic experiences during the Second World War – equally he finds no trace of God or codes of transcendence in the contemporary world... – and that ”The birth and death of God, the state of having or losing faith, are the greatest events in human life.”
Pastor Edwin Pech pointed out that the wooden Vang Church stands by a walking track used every year by two hundred thousand people. In his address he quoted a fragment from Saint Luke’s gospel, about the journey to Emaus where the travellers fail to recognise Christ beside them. Pastor Pech told how Tadeusz Różewicz fell in love with the mountains at the age of 75, and often visited the Vang Church and paused by Henryk Tomaszewski’s grave. He said, ”The poet started walking with God at quite an old age. He was guided here by Pastor Dietrich Bonhoeffer, executed in Flossenburg in April 1945 for his part in the conspiracy to assassinate Adolf Hitler. [...] Christianity should not be defined solely by the expression of faith but also by the imitation of Christ. [...] Tadeusz Różewicz and Pastor Dietrich Bonhoeffer teach us respect for others, living with dignity in a godless world. We should not count on punishment or reward. We are to experience the fact that life without God is possible, but also that life without God is impossible.”
Perhaps the key to understanding Różewicz’s decision regarding his burial is the date of his Last Will and Request – the spring of 2003, when the Treaty of Athens was signed and confirmed Poland’s accession to the European Union. After all, those words, ”All people shall be brothers”, come from Schiller’s ”Ode to Joy”, which years later Beethoven set to music – creating the 9th Symphony and the great final movement that has become the European Anthem. So it may be that Różewicz’s last will is a political rather than a religious act, one which expresses his idealistic faith and hope in the brotherhood of nations, for which – in both the cultural and the personal dimensions – he had striven all his life. His work was and still is particularly admired in Germany; it has contributed to the transformation of the two nations’ traumatised mutual perception.
Tadeusz Różewicz rests in a place of outstanding beauty in the Sudety mountains, by the stone track leading to the Samotnia shelter which he so liked to visit. It’s no wonder that his friends chose to gather there on the first anniversary of the Poet’s passing.